A container manufacturer will need to have specific control settings and loading procedures to be able to assure that cargo will survive shipping with full protection of the goods to prevent spoilage. Without proper techniques followed, and based on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations with regards to size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and type of refrigeration method. Here’s a summary of settings requirements and loading procedures to help assure transport is going to be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for that optimum conditions of the cargo. Most reefer cargo (50 plus percent) consists of fruit and veggies, and another 40 % includes meats and fish. Each kind has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set because of fresh cargo having to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, that is certainly, the airflow rate from the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) per hour. Air-flow is always from the foot of the reefer to the very top. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and through packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo ought to be closed, which is, just around the cargo.
3. Set humidity control for optimum conditions based on cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo ought to be secured so that, once loaded, it does not move during shipment. Loaded cargo should never violate the maximum red-load line, which establishes the highest height of cargo within the reefer container supplier, to permit proper airflow come back to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow should not be restricted from its proper flow around and thru the cargo. This may depend on the form of cargo and whether it be chilled or frozen. However, if you will find significant gaps around the cargo, or excessively large chimneys between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and minimize proper airflow where it is needed to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor price has become properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without have to open it anytime with the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A suitably loaded and shipped reefer should provide adequate protection and upkeep of goods from beginning to end from the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are often called reefers. A reefer is identified as “a refrigerator (especially one large enough to get walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play a vital role in global trade. They permit companies to ship items such as fruits, vegetables, milk products and other items requiring refrigeration while in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped in the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels needed for the product they are transporting. Reefer containers are generally fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly using the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially designed to enable the transport of individual refrigerated container units plus they are usually present in special regions of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems plus some reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make sure perishable cargo is not really spoiled due to a refrigeration unit going bad.